- Loupian, a villa in Gallia Narbonensis
- The residence in Late Antiquity
In the second half of the 4th century, additional investments were made; this trend continued in the early 5th century with the design of a new villa with a single courtyard and apartments featuring richly-decorated polychrome mosaics. At the same time, a hamlet took shape on the shores of the lagoon, and a paleo-Christian basilica was built in the vicinity of the villa. The estate's landscape revealed new conditions for managing both production and people.