Map of the approximate location of the Sainte Dorothea wreck

Approximate location of the wreck of the  Sainte Dorothéa in the Alpes-Maritimes.

Description

The silt-laden wreck of the Sainte-Dorothéa was discovered in 1985 at the entrance to the harbour of Villefranche-sur-Mer in 72 m of water. Formerly a fifty-gun vessel of the Royal Danish Navy named Nelle Blad, the ship was renamed Sainte-Dorothéa in honour of the new owner’s wife. She had been assigned to the cargo trade in the Mediterranean when she sank for an undisclosed reason on 25 April 1693 while sailing from Cadiz to Genoa via Marseilles. This find is exceptional in the context of European maritime history of the modern period. In 1990 a survey was carried out to assess the extent of the remains and their state of preservation. Impressive logistical support was used in the form of a single-seater submersible and an ROV chartered from the Comex company. The hull and her cargo appeared to be perfectly preserved under a mound 40 m long and 10 m wide. Some material culture was retrieved from the surface of the site. Among the items found were ceramic vases, some unopened crates and barrels, and two cauldrons made from a copper alloy. One of the cauldrons bore the inscription ‘NELLE BLAD’ and the date ’1685’. Records indicate a large cargo of silver but its whereabouts remain unknown.

Underwater photograph of a diver next to a submarine
Underwater photograph of a gun covered with concretions and coral
Underwater photograph of guns in battery formation
Photograph of an archaeologist measuring an olive jar raised from the wreck
Photograph of a copper cauldron
Photograph of a set of ceramic tableware

Diving with the Comex single-seater submarine.

© Frédéric Osada/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

Underwater flora has taken back possession of the sea bed

© Frédéric Osada/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

Line of guns embedded in the mud

© Frédéric Osada/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

Initial recording of artefacts on board theArchéonaute.

© Frédéric Osada/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

Copper cauldron freed from its concretions

© Alain Visquis/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

A sample of the ceramics on board the ship

© Philippe Foliot/CNRS/Ministère de la Culture/DRASSM

Operation manager

Michel L’Hour / Drassm (1990)

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