- The first settlements
In about 1100 BC, a small group of humans settled on the lowest plateau overlooking the river at Acy-Romance, at the places now known as La Croizette and Le Terrage. Their tombs are all that remains of them. The deceased lies in a rectangular grave, generally at the centre of a circular enclosure, 7 to 11 metres in diameter. The circular ditch provided a base for the posts which supported the earth of the tumulus raised above the tomb. The corpses had only one personal item with them, in this instance a bronze pin for the women and a bronze dagger for the sole male tomb. The pins were used to hold a garment together at the right shoulder and a bronze bracelet was worn on the right wrist. No offerings were placed with the deceased. The deterioration of the skeletons in these five tombs made it impossible to determine their average age at death.
Pins with a round or conical top are characteristic of a vast cultural entity centred on the Rhine Valley and Switzerland at the beginning of the final Bronze Age. Although the bronze objects originated from the East, the funerary practice of their owners, burial under tumuli, is more consistent with what was known in Lorraine and southern Belgium.