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Annexes

Archaeology of the Megaloceros Gallery

The Megaloceros Gallery is intensely decorated, and also holds specific archaeological traces: hearths, bones and stone and bone tools.

Numerous charcoal traces litter the floor and the narrow space which opens up onto the End Gallery. This was already observed on discovery in 1994.

The operation of the imposing burning areas that covered the floor with wood charcoal involved feeding the fires with a great quantity of pinewood, which led to locally high temperatures, smoke and soot. Anthracological analyses have shown that it was Scots pine or black pine, as elsewhere in the cave. Dating places it to the whole period from 37,000 to 34,000 years ago.

In this small area, there are plenty of cave bear bones, the majority altered and a significant amount pulverulent. Despite the presence of hearths, the few carbonised bones are only partially burnt. The animal left traces of its activity: tracks, scratch-marks, digging. Other smaller animals scratched the walls and an ibex left its footprints trotting and slipping on the ledges.

Various stone pieces (n=6, i.e. 30% of the cave as a whole) were discovered on the ground surface - products from cutting with technical features.

A mammoth ivory assegai point measuring 30 cm was identified during a superficial cleaning of ground dust, to the left of the path. It lies on ventilated sediment, very rich in broken bones and wood charcoal dating to 36,000 years ago.

Anglais
Panoramique associé: 
Galerie des Mégacéros
Type de notice: 
Focus
Auteurs: 
Valérie FERUGLIO
Dominique BAFFIER
Évelyne DEBARD
Catherine FERRIER
Médias: 
Taille: 
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